the participatory urban agriculture (group) programme was created by The Economic Development Agency of the municipality of Quito in 2002. The aim is to improve food security and preserve as many green spaces as possible in Quito, Ecuador, one of the highest Capitals in the world.
Scope of the project: over the past 17 years, around 4,000 orchards have been created, from urban agricultural areas on roof terraces to large garden areas for vegetable cultivation.
Project implementation: practical gardening assistance is offered to orchards through monthly personal visits on site, as well as through seminars. They also receive training on how to market the products they have grown. In more than a dozen weekly markets in the city, the so-called “biopherias”, many gardeners sell their organic foods. GROUP was awarded with the Silver Award to the Politics of the Future in 2018.
What is causing sensation in industrialized countries, as a new trend, has long been a success against food shortages and for a greener city in the Ecuadorian capital, Quito. “Urban agriculture” ensures access to food for thousands of people through the promotion of their own orchards.
From the point of view of public policies in general, a key implication derived from the advancement of urbanization is that social demands and requirements will not only focus on cities, but will accentuate their urban profile.
At this level, ECLAC specialists highlight two challenges. One is the absence of politically legitimized, financially sound and technically and administratively well-endowed metropolitan governments. The second relates to limited experience, weak political will and lack of instruments to act on pressing issues such as citizen insecurity, property speculation, vehicular congestion and residential segregation.
Among the suggestions for policy on these matters, the document recommends to reduce inequality in basic municipal services through the strengthening of the finances of the local governments with fewer resources, as well as provide access to the developable land to the poor avoiding, yes, moving them to peripheral areas and with scarce equipment and accessibility, promoting the participation and grouping of the families needing housing, and act on other areas where it operates the segregation, like the school, this means restoring the social diversity of the public school and improving its quality.